Capo gives you a head-start on learning songs quickly, using sophisticated technology that analyzes your songs by listening to them. Capo can automatically detect the chords, beats, and even the key of your song to give you a starting point for figuring out a new tune.
Capo can figure out the chords in your song—often with fairly high accuracy—just by listening to it. In some cases, it's a little too accurate (or, picky—see the note below) and may not reflect the chords you wish to play on your instrument. That's why Capo contains a comprehensive set of tools for editing chords.
Note: In many songs, the combination of band members produce chords that may not match with the instrument you're playing. Imagine a guitar playing a C chord, and a saxophone is sounding a B. In this case, the chord produced by the band would be CMaj7 and Capo would likely detect it that way.
Whether Capo identifies a chord incorrectly, you'd like to specify a different chord, or a different way of playing it, you can use Capo's various chord editing tools to make adjustments to suit your song and the way you play it.
When Capo misses a chord change, or if you wish to insert a chord in the space where chords have been deleted, you can place new chords anywhere in the song.
To place a chord at the playhead location, do one of the following
- Click the Add Chord button in the Chords Control Strip.
- Press K on your keyboard
Placing a new chord entry runs a quick chord detection at the playhead to get you started, and plays the chord shape that was detected. Once placed, you can easily change it.
If you do not see the chord appear, you may need to zoom in because the new chord is too close to the next one.
When a chord is selected, you can display the Chord Chooser by double-clicking it.
At the top of the Chord Chooser you'll find a list of chords that are sorted by how likely they are to appear at this location in the song. In many cases where Capo mis-identifies a chord, the correct chord is often found in this list. You can quickly select one of these chords by clicking on your preferred result.
If the chord doesn't appear in the list of alternates, you can click the search button, then type a free-form description of the chord you want into the search field.
Here you can type simple strings such as bbadd9, or f#7(#5)—allowing you to enter more exotic chords that Capo is unable to detect automatically. Once found, just click the chord in the list that you want to replace the detected chord with.
Voicings / Shapes
Changing the voicing of the chord is as simple as scrolling through the list of chord shapes, and clicking the one you'd like to use instead. You'll hear the different voicings as you click on them, which is helpful for verifying that you've found the right one.
Replacing Matching Chords
In the case where Capo was repeatedly wrong about a specific chord—maybe it detected a "C minor" instead of "C major" across the whole song—you can change all these chords at once by toggling the Replace all… option that appears at the bottom of the Chord Chooser.
When this option is enabled, all the existing chords are replaced with the chord (and voicing, where applicable) with your selection.
Deleting a Chord
When a chord is selected, you can delete it by clicking the Delete Chord button in the Chords Control Strip.
You can also delete the selected chord quickly by pressing the delete key on your keyboard.
Moving a Chord
You can move a chord using drag and drop:
- Click, and then begin dragging the chord you wish to move
- Drag the chord to its new location. A blue line will help you line up the chord with a specific point in time.
Unlike a simple tempo or BPM detector, Capo maps out the the eighth note (or triplet) pulse of a song during its analysis.
More specifically, it saves the location of every one of those pulses in your song, and can even account for some degree of drift over the course of a recording. This is why Capo's Metronome feature plays the stored pulses in time with the song rather than using a simple repeating timer—it's going to track the song much more accurately.
The tempo that is displayed in the Speed Slider is calculated as an average over these pulses, which is important to understand when working with songs that are known to drift.
Once beat detection is complete, Capo tries to guess where the downbeat is (i.e. the start of the first bar in the song), and then marks the start of every bar in the song.
Of course, not all songs have consistent time signatures, and some songs may cause Capo to incorrectly identify the beats. Fortunately, Capo offers some tools to help you fix this.
Just as you can edit Capo's detected chords, you can also make changes to Capo's beat grid to better suit the song you're working on.
You'll carry out these edits in the Structure song view using the following tools.
If the Structure song view is not available to you, you can fix some beat detection issues using the legacy beat editing tools.
Replacing Bars and Beats
This process consists of listening to the song while tapping (or clicking) on the first beat of every bar. This only takes as long as it takes to listen to the song, and you don't have to tap out the whole song at once.
To replace the detected bars and beats:
- Ensure the Bars control strip is visible
- Set the location where you wish to start recording bars by tapping the bar before the first one you wish to replace, or by seeking to the start of the song.
- Tap or click the record downbeats button
- Set the number of beats per bar, if needed
- Tap or click the Start Recording button
- Tap or click in the waveform area to mark the start of each bar that you hear during playback
- When done, tap or click the Stop Recording button to commit the new bar locations.
TIP: If you messed up, you can repeat the recording again by pressing Start Recording. It will always start from the same point, and will replace all of the beats in the playback range.
TIP: If the number of beats is not consistent, set the value of the most common number of beats per bar.
Adjusting Bar Locations
We're not mechanical, and hence we'll tap a little bit early or late for some of the bars. When you want to nudge the start of the bar, you can select the bar that started at the wrong time and edit its location.
To adjust the start location of a bar:
- Ensure the BEATS control strip is visible
- Select the bar that needs to be adjusted
- Tap or click the edit bar location button
- Drag the adjustment playhead to select the new start point for the bar. Capo uses its built-in Audio Freezer engine to help you listen for the point where the bar starts.
Edit the Beat Counts
Not all songs have a consistent time signature throughout. Some will alternate between 3 and 4 beats per bar, and some will occasionally drop a beat or two temporarily. Fortunately Capo will let you deal with these songs pretty easily.
For each bar that is incorrectly counted, select it and then edit the beat count.
To set the number of beats in a bar:
- Ensure the BEATS control strip is visible
- Select the bar that contains the wrong number of beats
- Tap or click the edit beat count button
- Enter the number of beats that are in the bar
Editing Beats (Legacy)
This section only applies to users that do not have access to the Structure song view.
If Capo fails to identify the downbeat or misses the time signature, you have a few options available to make some simple corrections.
Shifting the Downbeat
To shift the downbeat, do one of the following:
- Use the ⌘[ keyboard shortcut to shift the downbeat left
- Use the ⌘] keyboard shortcut to shift the downbeat right
When shifting the downbeat, it moves by one eighth note at a time.
Changing the Time Signature
Capo interprets its stored beat locations using a time signature that best fits its calculations when it first processes a song. When Capo doesn't quite get it right, you can choose another time signature in the Metronome Settings.
NOTE: Unfortunately, it is not yet possible to manipulate Capo's detected pulse (say, to double or halve the detected tempo.) Therefore, sometimes you may have to choose a time signature that doesn't quite fit with the song. For instance, 4/8 for a song that is in 4/4 time but was detected with a too-slow pulse. We're working on something to help with this for a future release.
Last updated: December 10, 2020